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Vasco da Gama Bridge

General Information

Name in local language: Ponte Vasco da Gama
Beginning of works: February 1995
Completion: 29 March 1998
Status: in use

Project Type

Location

Location: , ,
Crosses:
  • Tagus River
Part of:
Coordinates: 38° 43' 40.19" N    8° 59' 28.14" W
Coordinates: 38° 47' 9.49" N    9° 6' 25.20" W
Show coordinates on a map

Technical Information

Dimensions

overall length of crossing 17 185 m
overall length of structures 12 345 m
caissons number 81
approach viaduct Expo (Parque das Nações)
total length 672 m
number of spans 12
central viaduct
total length 6 531 m
number of spans 84 m
main bridge
main span 420 m
total length 824 m
number of cables 192
vertical navigation clearance 47 m
deck width 30.9 m
pylons pylon height 155 m
northern approach viaduct
total length 488 m
number of spans 11
southern approach viaduct
total length 3 825 m
number of spans 84

Quantities

concrete volume 730 000 m³
reinforcing steel 100 000 t
volume of earthworks 1 400 000 m³

Materials

deck prestressed concrete
piers reinforced concrete
pylons reinforced concrete
abutments reinforced concrete

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Chronology

10 April 1997

A metal falsework collapses killing six workers.

Excerpt from Wikipedia

The Vasco da Gama Bridge (Portuguese: Ponte Vasco da Gama; pronounced [ˈpõt(ɨ) ˈvaʃku dɐ ˈɡɐmɐ]) is a cable-stayed bridge flanked by viaducts and rangeviews that spans the Tagus River in Parque das Nações in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal.

It is the longest bridge in Europe after the Crimean Bridge with a total length of 12.3 kilometres (7.6 mi), including 0.8 kilometres (0.50 mi) for the main bridge and 11.5 kilometres (7.1 mi) in viaducts. The Bridge is served by 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) of dedicated access roads. It was built to alleviate the congestion on Lisbon's 25 de Abril Bridge, and eliminate the need for traffic between the country's northern and southern regions to pass through the capital city.

Construction began on February 1995; the bridge was opened to traffic on 29 March 1998, just in time for Expo 98, the World's Fair that celebrated the 500th anniversary of the discovery by Vasco da Gama of the sea route from Europe to India.

Description

The bridge carries six road lanes, with a speed limit of 120 km/h (75 mph), the same as that on motorways, except on one section which is limited to 100 km/h (60 mph). On windy, rainy, and foggy days, the speed limit is reduced to 90 km/h (56 mph). The number of road lanes will be enlarged to eight when traffic reaches a daily average of 52,000.

Bridge and access road sections:

  1. North access roads: 945 m (3,100 ft)
  2. North viaduct: 488 m (1,601 ft)
  3. Expo viaduct: 672 m (2,205 ft); 12 sections
  4. Main bridge: main span: 420 m (1,378 ft); side spans: 203 m (666 ft) each (total length: 829 m or 2,720 ft); cement pillars: 150 m (492 ft)-high; free height for navigation in high tides: 45 m (148 ft);
  5. Central viaduct: 6.351 km (3.95 mi); 80 pre-fabricated sections 78 m (256 ft)-long; 81 pillars up to 95 m (312 ft)-deep; height from 14 m (46 ft) to 30 m (98 ft)
  6. South viaduct: 3.825 km (2.38 mi); 45 m (148 ft) sections; 84 sections; 85 pillars
  7. South access roads: 3.895 km (2.42 mi); includes the toll plaza (18 gates) and two service areas

Construction and cost

The $1.1 billion project was split in four parts, each built by a different company, and supervised by an independent consortium. There were up to 3,300 workers simultaneously on the project, which took 18 months of preparation and 18 months of construction. The financing is via a build-operate-transfer system by Lusoponte, a private consortium which receive the first 40 years of tolls of both Lisbon bridges. Lusoponte's capital is 50.4% from Portuguese companies, 24.8% French and 24.8% British.

The bridge has a life expectancy of 120 years, having been designed to withstand wind speeds of 250 km/h (155 mph) and hold up to an earthquake 4.5 times stronger than the historical 1755 Lisbon earthquake (estimated at 8.5–9.0 on the moment magnitude scale). The deepest foundation piles, up to 2.2 m (7.2 ft) in diameter, were driven down to 95 m (312 ft) under mean sea level. Environmental pressure throughout the project resulted in the left-bank viaducts being extended inland to preserve the marshes underneath, as well as the lamp posts throughout the bridge being tilted inwards so as not to cast light on the river below.

Toll

Northbound traffic (to Lisbon) is charged a toll, while traveling southbound is free. Tolls are collected through a toll plaza located in the south bank of Tagus, near Montijo. As of 2016, taxes range from €2.70 (passenger cars) to €11.70 (trucks).

Text imported from Wikipedia article "Vasco da Gama Bridge" and modified on 22 July 2019 under the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license.

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  • About this
    data sheet
  • Structure-ID
    20000315
  • Published on:
    27/07/1999
  • Last updated on:
    30/10/2018