Cable-suspended membrane structure
|Function / usage:||
Stadium / Arena
|Address:||Bd. Basarabia, nr. 37-39|
|Coordinates:||44° 26' 14" N 26° 9' 9" E|
|exterior length||210 m|
|exterior width||190 m|
|cables||diameter||max. 135 mm|
|permanent membrane||surface||29 200 m²|
|playing field||width||68 m|
|retractable membrane||surface||9 700 m²|
|structural steel||3 200 t|
Excerpt from Wikipedia
Arena Națională (Romanian pronunciation: [aˈrena nat͡sjoˈnalə]) is a retractable roof football stadium in Bucharest, Romania, which opened in 2011, on the site of the original Stadionul Național, which was demolished from 2007 to 2008. The stadium hosts major football matches including home matches of the Romania national football team, and the Cupa României Final. The stadium is also the home of Liga I football clubs FCSB and Dinamo București.
With 55,634 seats, it is the largest football stadium in Romania. Designed by Gerkan, Marg and Partners, the stadium was built by German firm Max Bögl and Italian firm Astaldi. The stadium has a retractable roof.
A UEFA category four stadium, Arena Națională hosted the 2012 UEFA Europa League Final, and will host four games at UEFA Euro 2020 (including the quarter-finals). The stadium also hosts music concerts.
The old stadium was demolished between 18 December 2007 and 20 February 2008, although a symbolic removal of seats took place on 21 November 2007, after Romania defeated Albania 6-1 in a qualifying match for Euro 2008.
The construction phase generated some controversy over costs and delays, with Bucharest mayor Sorin Oprescu claiming that the works were 20 weeks behind schedule in May 2009. On 8 October 2009, it was decided that the stadium should also include a retractable roof worth €20,000,000.
Construction was temporarily halted in December 2009 due to unfavorable weather conditions.
The venue holds 55,634 people. 3,600 VIP seats are available, with another 126 seats allotted for the press (with a possible expansion to 548 seats). The stadium includes some 360 restrooms and a retractable roof, which can be opened or closed in 15 minutes. It is also endowed with a floodlight system and 2100 parking spaces. The roof design is very similar to that of the National Stadium in Warsaw. These two stadiums also have a similar capacity and age.
The National Stadium is a Category 4 venue and as such, it hosted the UEFA Europa League 2011–12 final, as announced by UEFA at Nyon on 29 January 2009. It was required to host at least two major events beginning in July 2011, one with an attendance of 10,000 and the second with an attendance of at least 40,000.
The official inauguration was initially scheduled for 10 August 2011, and was to feature a football match between Romania and Argentina.
However, on 26 July, Argentina officially cancelled the friendly match after their manager Sergio Batista departed the team, so the stadium was instead inaugurated on 6 September 2011, with a UEFA Euro 2012 Group D qualifier match between Romania and France. The game ended 0–0 in front of a crowd of 49,137.
Notable high audience matches
The highest audience for a football game was achieved at the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification match between Romania and Netherlands, hosted on 16 October 2012, which brought 53,329 people to the stadium.
The 2nd highest audience was achieved at the UEFA Europa League Final hosted on 9 May 2012. The game between the two Spanish teams, Atlético Madrid and Athletic Bilbao, brought 52,347 people to the stadium.
Relevant Web Sites
- Die Massivbaukonstruktion des Nationalstadions in Bukarest. In: Bautechnik, v. 92, n. 1 (January 2015), pp. 65-76. (2015):
- Next 3 Stadia. Warsaw Bucharest Kiev. jovis Verlag gmbH, Berlin (Germany), ISBN 978-3-86859-154-5, pp. 184. (2012):
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