|Name in local language:||Müngstener Brücke|
|Beginning of works:||26 February 1894|
|Completion:||21 March 1897|
Deck arch bridge
Truss arch bridge
|Function / usage:||
Railroad (railway) bridge
Remscheid, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Solingen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Wupperbrücke Müngsten (1850)
|Coordinates:||51° 9' 37.18" N 7° 8' 1.52" E|
|total length||465 m|
|arch span||170 m|
|deck||height above valley floor or water||107 m|
|arch||structural steel||2 111 t|
|deck||structural steel||991 t|
|piers||structural steel||1 100 t|
|cost of construction||Mark 2 646 386.25|
Highest railroad bridge above ground level in Germany.
Excerpt from Wikipedia
Müngsten Bridge is the highest railway bridge in Germany. The bridge is 107 metres (351 ft) high and spans the valley of the river Wupper, connecting the cities of Remscheid and Solingen. This stretch is part of the Wuppertal-Oberbarmen–Solingen railway. It is used exclusively by the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn line S 7. On 1 April 2013, the Müngsten Bridge was closed for extensive renovation work: it reopened on 27 July 2015, but a further lengthy closure for a comprehensive corrosion treatment is planned for 2018. During the works, the train from Solingen Hbf to Remscheid Hbf terminated at Solingen Mitte and a bus continued to Remscheid.
Originally the bridge was named Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke (Emperor Wilhelm Bridge) to honour Emperor Wilhelm I. After the end of the monarchy the bridge was renamed after the nearby settlement of Müngsten, which is close to the city limits of Solingen, Remscheid and Wuppertal. Today, the settlement no longer exists, so Müngsten is simply a landmark.
First drafts for a bridge connecting the two cities of Remscheid and Solingen go back as far as 1889. Preparatory work began in 1893, the bridge was finished in 1897.
The six support columns have a maximum height of 69 meters (230 ft). In the middle of the structure, the main arc has a span of 170 meters (560 ft). The overall length of the structure is 465 meters (1,530 ft).
A total of 5,000 tons (4,900 LT; 5,500 ST) of steel were used in its construction. 950,000 rivets hold the structure together. During construction, a number of advanced building techniques were used.
Anton von Rieppel (1852 – 31 January 1926), an architect and engineer, was in charge of the project. A memorial plaque at the foot of the bridge reminds one of his efforts.
Originally, the bridge was planned to be single-track. However, high future traffic growth projections led to the redesign as a dual-track bridge. Before its opening, the rail distance between the cities of Remscheid and Solingen was 42 kilometers (26 mi). With a direct connection via the bridge, this distance shrank to 8 kilometers (5.0 mi).
The Prussian Parliament approved the 5 million Marks required to build the bridge in 1890.
The first breaking of the earth was on 26 February 1894. A total of 1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb) of dynamite and 1,600 kilograms (3,500 lb) of black powder were needed during construction.
The bridge's official inauguration celebration took place on 15 July 1897. Emperor Wilhelm II did not attend the ceremony in person. Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia attended the festivities instead. Emperor Wilhelm II visited the bridge two years later, on 12 August 1899.
- Anton von Rieppel (designer)
Relevant Web Sites
- Brücken am Weg. Frühe Brücken aus Eisen und Beton in Deutschland und Frankreich. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH, Berlin (Germany), ISBN 978-3-433-01299-4, pp. 102-104. (1997):
- Der Brückenschlag bei Müngsten - 100 Jahre Eisenbahn Solingen - Remscheid. (Selbstverlag), pp. 80. (1997):
- Eisenbahnbrücken aus zwei Jahrhunderten. Birkhäuser, Basel (Switzerland), pp. 255-258. (1985):
- Grundinstandsetzung der Müngstener Talbrücke. In: Stahlbau, v. 86, n. 7 (July 2017), pp. 619-631. (2017):
- Meisterwerke der Ingenieurbaukunst. Bundesanzeiger Verlag, Cologne (Germany), pp. 201-208. (1998):
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