|Function / usage:||
Awards and Distinctions
|total length||584 km|
|depth||1825: 1.2 m
1862: 2.2 m
French Engineer Vauban suggests canal between Lakes Erie and Ontario.
Cadwallader Colden proposes canal linking Lake Erie and Hudson River.
Christopher Colles proposes improving navigation of Mohawk River.
An act for improving the navigation of the Mohawk river, Wood creek, and the Onondaga river, with a view to opening an inland navigation to Oswego and for extending the same, if practicable, to Lake Erie. Bill defeated.
|21 March 1791||
Act authorizing survey and estimates for Mohawk and Hudson rivers and Wood creek.
Western Inland Lock Navigation Company Incorporated to open a navigable waterway from Albany to Lakes Seneca and Ontario.
Private firm builds locks to bypass Little Falls. First locks built in U.S.
Niagara Canal Company incorporated to build a canal between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.
Report of the Commissioners appointed to explore the route of inland navigation from Hudson's river to Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.
Governor De Witt Clinton's visits the canal.
|17 April 1816||
New York Legislature passes a canal law.
|4 July 1817||
Canal construction begins at Rome, New York.
|23 October 1819||
Middle section of canal opened from Utica to Rome, 96 miles (154 km).
|24 November 1819||
Champlain Canal opened.
|2 July 1822||
River boats begin using canal section from Genesee river to Pittsford, with overland connection for several miles during Irondequoit valley embankment completed in October.
180 miles (290 km) of canal open from Rochester to Little Falls.
|1 October 1823||
Eastern section of Canal completed, continuous navigation possible from Genesee River to Albany and Lake Champlain.
|6 October 1823||
802 foot (243 m) stone aqueduct over Genesee river opened in Rochester.
Brockport - Rochester section opened.
|26 October 1825||
First passage through canal from Lake Erie to New York City.
|1832 — 1862||
The Erie Canal is deepened to account for increased traffic. Barges carrying up to 240 tons can now pass on the canal.
3 million tons of freight have been transported on the canal.
All tolls are abolished on New York state canals.
|1903 — 1918||
Decision to again widen the canal to allow for the passage of barges of 3000 t pulled or pushed.
Commercial use on the New York state canals ceases. The canals are used mostly for recreational purposes now.
Relevant Web Sites
- 1869 Whipple Bridge Back across Enlarged Erie Canal. In: Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, v. 5, n. 3 (August 2000), pp. 106-114. (2000):
- Building the Erie Barge Canal. In: Scientific American, v. 93, n. 14 (30 September 1905), pp. 254.
- The Erie Canal. American Heritage, New York (USA). (1964):
- Landmarks in American Civil Engineering History. In: Civil Engineering Magazine, v. 72, n. 11-12 (November - December 2002). (2002):
- Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Pedestrian Bridges. Presented at: Footbridge 2011, 4th International Conference, 6-8 July 2011, Wroclaw, Poland. (2011):
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