Numerical Simulation of the Effect of Dynamic Stress on the Rock Surrounding a Mine Roadway
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, January 2020, v. 2020|
In view of the damage of dynamic stress to the rock surrounding a mine roadway during coal mining, based on the actual geological conditions of Zhuji mine in Huainan, China, a UDEC model was established to study the influences of the thickness and strength of the direct roof above the coal seam and the anchorage effect on the stability of the roadway. The failure mechanism and effect of the dynamic stress on the rock surrounding a mine roadway were revealed. Under dynamic stress, cracks appear near the side of the roadway where the stress is concentrated. These cracks rapidly expand to the two sides of coal and rock mass. At the same time, the coal and rock mass at the top of the roadway fall, and finally, the two sides of coal and rock mass were broken and ejected into the roadway, causing a rock burst. However, when the same dynamic stress is applied to the roadway after supports are installed, there is no large-deformation failure in the roadway, which shows that, under certain conditions, rock bolting can improve the stability and seismic resistance of the surrounding coal and rock mass. Furthermore, by simulating the failure of surrounding rock with different strengths and thicknesses in the immediate roof, it is found that the thinner the roof, the greater the influence of the dynamic stress on the roadway; the stronger the roof is, the more likely the rock burst will occur with greater intensity under the same dynamic stress. A numerical simulation method was used to analyze the factors influencing rock bursting. The results provide a theoretical basis for research into the causes and prevention of rock bursts in deep mining areas.
|Copyright:||© 2020 Jun-hua Xue et al.|
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