Berlin-Tiergarten, Mitte, Berlin, Germany
|Address:||Platz der Republik 1|
|Coordinates:||52° 31' 7.03" N 13° 22' 34.27" E|
|dome||height to tip of dome||75 m|
|gross floor area||61 166 m²|
|height to observation deck||59 m|
|height to platform||40.7 m|
|glazed surface||3 000 m²|
|height to tip of dome||47 m|
|plenary hall||height||25 m|
|gross floor area||ca. 1 200 m²|
|dome||structural steel||800 t|
|1 July 1884||
Emperor Wilhelm I. lays the first stone.
|5 December 1894||
The final stone is laid by Emperor Wilhelm II.
|End of 1916||
After the emperor quits opposing it the inscription "Dem Deutschen Volke" (for the German People) is added to the building.
|9 November 1918, 14:00||
The social-democrat delegate Philipp Scheidemann proclaims the first democratic and parlamentary republic of the unified Germany.
After the constitution of the Weimar Republic the parliament returns to capital Berlin for regular sessions.
|27 February 1933||
The building burns out after being set on fire. Dutchman Marinus van der Lubbe is arrested for the arson.
|28 February 1933||
Adolf Hitler gets President Hindenburg to pass the "Reichstagsbrand-Verordnung" which abolishes most political rights in the Republic.
|23 March 1933||
Forced to have its sessions in the nearby Kroll Opera building, the Reichstag takes away its own powers, transfers them to Adolf Hitler and becomes a show parliament for the Führer and the Third Reich without any political weight.
|2 May 1945||
Soviet troops capture the building.
The Bundestag decides to have the building reconstructed.
|13 June 1961||
The construction of the Berlin wall shows that the building is right at the border to East Berlin.
|3 September 1971||
The "Vier-Mächte-Abkommen" comes into force and changes the status of West-Berlin and also prohibits plenary sessions of the Bundestag in the soon-to-be-reconstructed Reichstag.
Reconstruction of the building is completed based on plans by Paul Baumgarten. It serves until 1994 as space for an historical exhibit called "Questions on German History".
Renovation of the building and reconstruction of the dome in a new form.
The building is wrapped by Christo.
The Bundestag inaugurates the building in a ceremonial session.
|23 May 1999||
The Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung) constituted by the Bundestag and representatives of the states elects the new president of the Federal Republic in the building.
The Bundestag's move from Bonn to Berlin is complete.
- Paul Wallot (architect)
- Mathias Koenen (structural engineer)
- Amstein + Walthert AG
- fischer energie + haustechnik consult Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH
- Kuehn Bauer Partner
- PKA Planungsgesellschaft Karnasch mbH
- W. Stucke (checking engineer)
- Götz GmbH (dome)
- Waagner-Biro AG (dome)
- Jappsen & Stangler (elevators)
- Paul G. R. Baumgarten (architect)
Relevant Web Sites
- Sanierung der Außenfassaden des Reichstagsgebäudes. In: Bautechnik, v. 76, n. 2 (February 1999), pp. 200.
- Der Berliner Reichstag - ökologisches Energiekonzept mit Signalwirkung. In: Bautechnik, v. 75, n. 3 (March 1998), pp. 204.
- Architektur und Geschichte in Deutschland. Heike Werner Verlag, Munich (Germany), pp. 158-159. (2006):
- Architekturführer Bundesbauten Berlin. 3rd edition, Stadtwandel Verlag, Berlin (Germany), pp. 6-9. (2003):
- Reichstag Berlin. 2nd edition, Stadtwandel Verlag, Berlin (Germany), 2002, pp. 32.
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