|Name in local language:||Arco Romano di Augusto|
|Function / usage:||
Triumphal / monumental arch
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Excerpt from Wikipedia
The Arch of Augustus (in French Arc d'Auguste) is a monument in the city of Aosta, northern Italy.
It was erected in 25 BC on the occasion of the Roman victory over the Salassi and was the work of Aulus Terentius Varro Murena.
It is located at the end of the decumanus maximus, a little distance from the Bourg Saint-Ours (quarter of the Collegiate Church of Saint Ursus) and from the eastern entrance of the city wall (the Porta Prætoria).
Constructed from conglomerate, the arch has a single vault, with a height to the keystone of 11.4 metres. Ist span is a barrel vault, constituting an extension in width of a round arch.
In the monument, various styles can be recognised: The ten engaged columns which decorate ist facade and ist sides culminate in Corinthian capitals, while the entablature, adorned with metopes and triglyphs, is of the Doric order.
In the Medieval period, it came to be called the Saint-Voût (French for "Holy Arch") from an image of Jesus which was located in the same place.
During the twelfth century, the arch contained the home of a local noble family and in 1318 a small fortification was built inside it, designed for a corps of crossbowmen. In 1716, because of the numerous leaks that were compromising the integrity of the monument, the attic that previously crowned the arch was replaced with a slate roof.
The arch's modern appearance is the result of a final intervention for restoration and consolidation which occurred in 1912 under the direction of Ernesto Schiaparelli.
The wooden crucifix displayed below the vault is a copy of the one which was placed there in 1449 as a votive offering against the flooding of the river Buthier, which flows a little to the east. The original crucifix is now housed in the Museum of Aosta Cathedral's Treasures.
I was so happy in contemplating these beautiful landscapes and the triumphal arch of Aosta that I had but one wish to make, that this life would last forever.— Stendhal
J'étais si heureux en contemplant ces beaux paysages et l'arc de triomphe d'Aoste que je n'avais qu'un vœu à former c'était que cette vie durât toujours.
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Relevant Web Sites
- Effects of temperature and humidity excursions and wind exposure on the arch of Augustus in Aosta. In: Journal of Cultural Heritage, v. 13, n. 4 (December 2012), pp. 462-468. (2012):
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