• DE
  • EN
  • FR
  • International Database and Gallery of Structures

Advertisement

French mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to the theory of hydrodynamics, vibration, light, and heat.

Biographical Information

Name: Joseph Boussinesq
Full name: Joseph Valentin Boussinesq
Born on 13 March 1842 in , Hérault (34), Occitanie, France, Europe
Deceased on 19 February 1929 in , Ile-de-France, France, Europe

Biography from Wikipedia

Joseph Valentin Boussinesq (pronounced [ʒɔzɛf valɑ̃tɛ̃ businɛsk]) (13 March 1842 – 19 February 1929) was a French mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to the theory of hydrodynamics, vibration, light, and heat.

Biography

From 1872 to 1886, he was appointed professor at Faculty of Sciences of Lille, lecturing differential and integral calculus at Institut industriel du Nord (École centrale de Lille). From 1896 to his retirement in 1918, he was professor of mechanics at Faculty of Sciences of Paris.

John Scott Russell experimentally observed solitary waves in 1834 and reported it during the 1844 Meeting of the British Association for the advancement of science. Subsequently, this was developed into the modern physics of solitons. In 1871, Boussinesq published the first mathematical theory to support Russell's experimental observation, and in 1877 introduced the KdV equation. In 1876, Lord Rayleigh published his mathematical theory to support Russell's experimental observation. At the end of his paper, Lord Rayleigh admitted that Boussinesq's theory came before his.

In 1897, he published Théorie de l'écoulement tourbillonnant et tumultueux des liquides ("Theory of the swirling and agitated flow of liquids"), a work that greatly contributed to the study of turbulence and hydrodynamics.

The word "turbulence" was never used by Boussinesq. He used sentences such as "écoulement tourbillonnant et tumultueux". The first mention of the word "turbulence" in French or English scientific fluid mechanics literature (the word "turbulence" existed in other context) can be found in a paper by Lord Kelvin in 1887.

Books by Joseph Valentin Boussinesq

  • Théorie de l'écoulement tourbillonnant et tumultueux des liquides dans les lits rectilignes a grande section (vol.1) (Gauthier-Villars, 1897)
  • Cours d'analyse infinitésimale à l'usage des personnes qui étudient cette science en vue de ses applications mécaniques et physiques Tome 1, Fascicule 1 (Gauthier-Villars et fils, 1887-1890)
  • Cours d'analyse infinitésimale à l'usage des personnes qui étudient cette science en vue de ses applications mécaniques et physiques Tome 1, Fascicule 2 (Gauthier-Villars et fils, 1887-1890)
  • Cours d'analyse infinitésimale à l'usage des personnes qui étudient cette science en vue de ses applications mécaniques et physiques Tome 2, Fascicule 1 (Gauthier-Villars et fils, 1887-1890)
  • Cours d'analyse infinitésimale à l'usage des personnes qui étudient cette science en vue de ses applications mécaniques et physiques Tome 2, Fascicule 2 (Gauthier-Villars et fils, 1887-1890)
  • Théorie analytique de la chaleur Volume 1 (Gauthier-Villars, 1901-1903)
  • Théorie analytique de la chaleur Volume 2 (Gauthier-Villars, 1901-1903)
  • Leçons synthétiques de mécanique générale servant d'introduction au cours de mécanique physique de la Faculté des sciences de Paris (Gauthier-Villars, 1889)
  • Application des potentiels à l'étude de l'équilibre et du mouvement des solides élastiques (Gauthier-Villars,1885)

Text imported from Wikipedia article "Joseph Valentin Boussinesq" and modified on 22 July 2019 under the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license.

Relevant Publications

  • About this
    data sheet
  • Person-ID
    1011149
  • Published on:
    19/03/2019
  • Last updated on:
    19/03/2019