Zur Druck-Zug-Festigkeit von Stahlbeton und stahlfaserverstärktem Stahlbeton
|Published in:||Beton- und Stahlbetonbau, August 2009, n. 8, v. 104|
Biaxial Compression-Tension-Strength of Reinforced Concrete and Reinforced Steel Fibre Concrete
The compressive strength of concrete can be substantially increased in relation to uni-axial compressive strength by transverse compression acting at the same time. In contrast, transverse tension and cracking lead to a reduction of the load-carrying capacity. This holds true for plain concrete as well as for reinforced concrete. In international standards very different calculation rules can be found on this subject, whereby the provided reductions differ up to a factor of two for the same application. The question of biaxial compression-tension-strength of reinforced concrete was examined in the past 40 years by numerous scientists. Their results are, however, partially contradictory in the same way as the current standard situation. Based on own experimental investigations as well as on a critical review and classification of former test series regarded as trend-setting, a proposal for the reduction of the compressive strength of cracked reinforced concrete is developed. For the first time, also the influence of fibres in addition to bar reinforcement is considered thereby. A comparison with the calculation rules in DIN 1045-1, CEB-FIP Model Code 1990, Eurocode 2, and ACI Standard 318-05 shows, that exclusively DIN 1045-1 underestimates sometimes substantially the maximum reduction of the compressive strength by transverse tension and cracking observed in the tests, so that a conservative design of structures cannot always be ensured.
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