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Synergistic effect of RHA and FCW in alkali-aggregate reaction mitigation


Medium: journal article
Language(s): English
Published in: Ambiente Construído, , n. 2, v. 19
Page(s): 7-20
DOI: 10.1590/s1678-86212019000200306

Pozzolans rich in silica, such as Rice Husk Ash (RHA), contribute to compressive strength gain but at the same time might increase alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR) in mortar mixtures. Pozzolans that have aluminates, such as Fired Clay Brick Waste (FCW), can be efficient to mitigate AAR but tend to lead to a slower compressive strength development. The association of different types of pozzolans, however, may result in a synergistic effect, compensating individual deficiencies. This paper presents a study of mixtures containing RHA, FCW and these two materials combined, aiming to obtain benefits in the mechanical behavior and in the durability regarding AAR. A substitution rate of 20% Portland cement by pozzolanic material was used. Through accelerated AAR tests and compressive strength measurements, it was found that while RHA is considered harmful to AAR - even when using an innocuous aggregate - FCW presents benefits, also avoiding this deleterious effect when combined with RHA. The same occurs in the compressive strength development, where RHA compensates a small loss of compressive strength associated with the use of FWC alone.


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