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Study on FSI Analysis Method of a Large Hydropower House and Its Vortex-Induced Vibration Regularities


Medium: journal article
Language(s): English
Published in: Advances in Civil Engineering, , v. 2020
Page(s): 1-13
DOI: 10.1155/2020/7596080

The working principle of a large hydropower station is to guide the high-pressure water flow to impact the turbine to rotate and generate electricity. The high-pressure water flow impacts the turbine blades, which forms complex high-speed eddy currents in the spiral case and the draft tube and causes complicated vortex-induced vibration problems. Traditionally used harmonic response methods and dynamic time-history analysis methods are difficult to reflect this complex fluid-solid dynamic coupling problem. In this paper, the bidirectional fluid-structure interaction (FSI) simulation analysis theory for a large hydropower house is studied, and the analysis methods of geometric simulation, mechanical simulation, and vibration energy transmission path simulation are presented. A large-scale 3D fluid-hydraulic machinery-concrete structure coupled model of a hydropower house is established to study the vortex-induced vibration mechanism and coupled vibration law during transient unit operation. A comparison of the fluid results against the in-site data shows good agreement. Structural responses of vibration displacement, velocity, and acceleration reveal coupled regularity of hydraulic machinery-concrete structure-fluid during blades rotating periods, and it comes to the conclusion that the turbine blade rotation is the main vibration source of the hydropower house. The research results can provide a scientific basis for the design and safe operation of the hydropower house.

Copyright: © Liaojun Zhang et al.

This creative work has been published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) license which allows copying, and redistribution as well as adaptation of the original work provided appropriate credit is given to the original author and the conditions of the license are met.

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