Study for Predicting Land Surface Temperature (LST) Using Landsat Data: A Comparison of Four Algorithms
Elhadi K. Mustafa
Mosbeh R. Kaloop
Ashraf A. Beshr
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, January 2020, v. 2020|
The soft computing models used for predicting land surface temperature (LST) changes are very useful to evaluate and forecast the rapidly changing climate of the world. In this study, four soft computing techniques, namely, multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS), wavelet neural network (WNN), adaptive neurofuzzy inference system (ANFIS), and dynamic evolving neurofuzzy inference system (DENFIS), are applied and compared to find the best model that can be used to predict the LST changes of Beijing area. The topographic change is considered in this study to accurately predict LST; furthermore, Landsat 4/5 TM and Landsat 8OLI_TIRS images for four years (1995, 2004, 2010, and 2015) are used to study the LST changes of the research area. The four models are assessed using statistical analysis, coefficient of determination (R²), root mean square error (RMSE), and mean absolute error (MAE) in the training and testing stages, and MARS is used to estimate the important variables that should be considered in the design models. The results show that the LST for the studied area increases by 0.28°C/year due to the urban changes in the study area. In addition, the topographic changes and previously recorded temperature changes have a significant influence on the LST prediction of the study area. Moreover, the results of the models show that the MARS, ANFIS, and DENFIS models can be used to predict the LST of the study area. The ANFIS model showed the highest performances in the training (R² = 0.99, RMSE = 0.78°C, MAE = 0.55°C) and testing (R² = 0.99, RMSE = 0.36°C, MAE = 0.16°C) stages; therefore, the ANFIS model can be used to predict the LST changes in the Beijing area. The predicted LST shows that the change in climate and urban area will affect the LST changes of the Beijing area in the future.
|Copyright:||© Elhadi K. Mustafa et al.|
This creative work has been published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) license which allows copying, and redistribution as well as adaptation of the original work provided appropriate credit is given to the original author and the conditions of the license are met.
- About this
- Published on:
- Last updated on: