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Research and Application of a Smart Monitoring System to Monitor the Deformation of a Dam and a Slope


Medium: journal article
Language(s): English
Published in: Advances in Civil Engineering, , v. 2020
Page(s): 1-13
DOI: 10.1155/2020/9709417

Deformation monitoring is one of the most important means of providing feedback to ensure the safety of projects. Problems plague the existing automatic monitoring system, such as the small monitoring range of monitoring devices, the inadequate field safety protection, and the low accuracy under extreme weather conditions. These problems greatly reduce the real time and reliability of deformation monitoring data and restrict the real-time intelligent control of engineering safety risk. In this paper, a multitype instrument-integrated monitoring system based mainly on the total positioning station (TPS) and supplemented by the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) was promoted with the methods of large field angle, data complementation, environmental perception and judgment, automatic status control, and baseline calibration-meteorological fusion correction. The application results of Pubugou Station show that the averages of mean square error of points (APMSE) for the dam are 0.41∼1.65 mm and the averages of mean square error of height (AHMSE) are 0.42∼0.89 mm. Moreover, the APMSE and AHMSE for the slope are less than 3 mm. The maximum relative error of the TPS and GNSS data compared with the artificial monitoring data is less than 10%. Besides, the system has good overall performance and is of significant comprehensive benefits. The proposed system realizes the all-weather real-time monitoring of deformation and enhances the emergency response capability of special conditions in dams during the operation period.

Copyright: © Yongfei Wang et al.

This creative work has been published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) license which allows copying, and redistribution as well as adaptation of the original work provided appropriate credit is given to the original author and the conditions of the license are met.

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