Railway Station Structures Designed for Densely Populated Urban Areas
László I. Vákar
|Published in:||Structural Engineering International, May 2001, n. 2, v. 11|
Recently, the interest in public transit increased because of its contribution in solving the problem in mobility. This resulted in a worldwide need for building new railway stations and expanding existing ones. A railway station forms no longer a building on its own, but part of a larger complex. On the one hand, a station is an integrated part of the city, in that it is supplemented with urban functions, which results in multiple-land use. On the other hand, all transport modalities are concentrated in and around the station, thus turning the station into a multi-modal interchange machine. This report deals with these aspects. Attention is paid to arranging various transport modalities in and around the station, the required flexibility for both railway tracks and real estate development, and the execution and maintenance aspects with regard to the inconvenience for passengers and public transit. Through examples of railway station designs, the effects of all these aspects for structural solutions will be explained.