R-curve Behavior and Crack Propagation Properties of Asphalt Concrete At Low Temperatures
Fereidoon Nejad Moghadas
|Published in:||Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, May 2015, n. 5, v. 21|
Fracture properties and crack propagation characteristics of asphalt concrete mixtures were studied by obtaining fracture resistance curves using three point single edge SE(B) notched beam specimens. Elastic-plastic approach is used in the calculation of the J-integral since the fracture process zone size is large enough to not use a linear elastic approach. Crack length measurements were obtained directly from high resolution images taken during the tests. A rising R-curve was observed in all the specimens which indicates ductility and a toughening mechanism in the ductile to quasi-brittle fracture of the mixture. Mixtures developed by limestone and siliceous aggregates with 4%, 4.5% and 5% binder contents were tested at temperatures ranging from +5ºC to –20ºC. Mixtures with 5% binder content showed greater crack resistant behavior at each temperature. Crack lengths at which crack propagation instability occurred were decreased by the reduction of temperature. A significant drop of this critical crack length is observed in temperatures below –15ºC. As well, the elastic-plastic fracture toughness is increased by the reduction of temperature up to –15ºC and starts to diminish thereafter.
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