Optimum Design of RC Footings with Genetic Algorithms According to ACI 318-19
|Published in:||Buildings, 26 May 2020, n. 6, v. 10|
Engineers usually use trial-and-error approaches for dealing with design problems where they need to find the most economical design of a structural element in terms of its material cost while satisfying all the safety requirements imposed by the design codes. In this study, we employ a genetic algorithm (GA) with a dominance-based tournament selection technique for dealing with this design challenge. The methodology is applied in the design of reinforced concrete rectangular-shaped isolated footings in accordance with the American Concrete Institute ACI 318-19. First, the footing is encoded into a set of decision variables and an objective function is defined to compute the total cost based on the different construction materials. Then, the compliance of the design with the ACI 318-19 code is enforced by a constraint function that takes into consideration all the demand–capacity ratios for the different resistance requirements such as the allowable bearing pressure of the supporting soil, and the shear and flexural capacities of the footing, among others. Two numerical examples are presented where the results show a significant advantage in terms of material-cost and design-time reduction in comparison with the commonly used trial and error approach, proving the applicability of optimization algorithms (OAs) into the everyday design routine of the structural engineer.
|Copyright:||© 2020 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
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