Numerical Study on the Evolution of Agglomerate Breakage and Microstructure of Angular Gravel in Cyclic Soil-Structure Interface Test
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, 2019, v. 2019|
The discrete element method (DEM) was used to study the behavior of crushable angular gravel in the cyclic soil-structure interface test. Two shapes of agglomerates were simulated by filling two scanned angular gravels with spheres connected by bonds that were given the shear and normal strength complying with Gaussian distribution to simulate random flaws. The proportion of these two shapes to constitute a numerical sample was named composite pattern. Good agreement in terms of macromechanical behavior between DEM simulation and laboratory test results has been attained. Agglomerate breakage is deeply influenced by the interface shearing behavior and mainly occurs on the interface and the space nearby. Graphs of interface after shearing are introduced to directly and clearly reflect microbehavior of breakage. The evolution of microstructure including anisotropies and coordination numbers is significantly influenced by normal stress and agglomerate breakage, and composite pattern determines the magnitudes of shear force anisotropy and coordination numbers. The evolution of contact orientation distribution is the forming cause of the “adjustment phase,” during which once the shearing direction changes, the values of contact normal anisotropy and normal force anisotropy will slump to their nadir and then rise back again.
|Copyright:||© 2019 Jinwen Yang et al.|
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