Numerical Simulation and Optimization of Wind Effects of Porous Parapets on Low-Rise Buildings with Flat Roofs
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, 2019, v. 2019|
This paper presents a procedure to optimize the porosity of parapets to improve the aerodynamic behavior of low-rise buildings with flat roofs, by coupling an optimization algorithm and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The performance of solid parapets to decrease the wind suctions on flat roofs induced by conical vortices was firstly studied, based on four turbulence closure models (standardk-ε, RNGk-ε, SSTk-ω, and RSM). The simulation results were validated by comparing with the wind tunnel data. Additionally, the porous parapet was treated as a momentum sink in the governing momentum equation, and the RSM turbulence model was employed. As a result, six optimization studies focusing on the highest mean suction minimization that consider parapet height were presented. The aim of this paper is to search for the best performing porosity through an automatic CFD-based optimization methodology. At low relative heights (hp/H = 0.01∼0.05,hpis the parapet height, andHis the roof height), the porous parapet with optimal porosity in between 38.2% and 52.3% seems to be more effective than solid parapets in attenuating high corner suctions generated by conical vortices; however, the solid parapet gives the best performance in the reduction of wind suctions whenhp/H ≥ 0.07.
|Copyright:||© 2019 Ye Qiu et al.|
This creative work has been published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) license which allows copying, and redistribution as well as adaptation of the original work provided appropriate credit is given to the original author and the conditions of the license are met.
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