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Numerical evaluation of the slab effective width in steel-concrete composite box girder bridges


Medium: journal article
Language(s): Portuguese
Published in: Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais, , n. 1, v. 14
DOI: 10.1590/s1983-41952021000100010

Bridges are structures built to overcome obstacles and allow continuity of transport routes. In the search for efficient construction systems, steel-concrete composite structures, especially box girder bridges, emerged. The American AASHTO and European EN 1994-2-2 standards present design procedures for this type of bridge, but there are still doubts about which portion of the concrete slab contributes to each web strength in composite section (effective width). The present paper aims to evaluate, by numerical analysis in the Abaqus® software, the concrete slab effective width and to verify whether the expressions for its calculation in composite I-girder bridges are valid for box girder sections. After analyzing the results, it was found that the standards recommendations for composite I-girder cannot be applied directly to box girders. Finally, based on the numerical analysis, an equation was proposed to calculate the effective width of steel-concrete composite box girder bridges.


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