• DE
  • EN
  • FR
  • International Database and Gallery of Structures


Numerical analysis of waffle slabs in flexure considering the effects of concrete cracking


Medium: journal article
Language(s): English
Published in: Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais, , n. 2, v. 8
Page(s): 225-247
DOI: 10.1590/s1983-41952015000200009

Waffle slab structures simulated by computational model are generally analyzed by simplified methods, for both the section geometry (converting into solid slabs or grids) and for the material mechanical properties (linear elastic regime). Results obtained by those studies show large differences when compared with test results, even at low loading levels. This is mainly due to lack of consideration of the eccentricity between the axis of the ribs and the cover, as well as the simplification of the mechanical behavior of concrete tensile strength. The so called more realistic numerical models do consider the effect of the eccentricity between the axis of the cover and ribs. One may also introduce physical nonlinearity of reinforced concrete in these models, obtaining results closer to tests. The objective of this work is to establish a numerical model for the typical section of waffle slabs given the recommendationslisted above. Such model considers the eccentricity between the axis of the ribs and the cover, the physical nonlinearity of concrete in compression and the concrete contribution between cracks (tension stiffening) through a smeared crack model. The finite element program SAP2000 version 16 is used for the non-linear analysis. The area element discretization uses the Shell Layered element along the thickness of layers, allowing for the heterogeneous material behavior of the reinforced concrete. The numerical model was validated comparing results with tests in slabs and, eventually, used to evaluate some waffle slabs subjected to excessive loading.

Structurae cannot make the full text of this publication available at this time. The full text can be accessed through the publisher via the DOI: 10.1590/s1983-41952015000200009.
  • About this
    data sheet
  • Reference-ID
  • Published on:
  • Last updated on: