Nonlinear Whirling Motion of Monopile Offshore Wind Turbines Subjected to Harmonic and Seismic Base Excitations
Xiang Yuan Zheng
|Published in:||International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, February 2019, n. 2, v. 19|
The triggering mechanism and the vibration patterns of the nonlinear whirling motion of monopile offshore wind turbines subjected to unidirectional base excitations are investigated both theoretically and experimentally via a 64:1 scaled model of the prototype NREL-5MW monopile offshore wind turbine. For motion, two nonlinear coupled integro-differential equations containing cubic nonlinearities due to curvature and inertia are solved by both analytical and numerical methods. Harmonic and random seismic base excitations with different amplitudes and frequencies are considered in the analysis to understand the instability mechanism. Extensive shake table tests show that the experimental results have good qualitative agreements with the theoretical results, and as observed in eight load cases, the nonlinear whirling motions of nacelle do exist and tend to be induced by large harmonic excitations with structural resonant frequency.
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