Inhibition Effect of Tartrate Ions on the Localized Corrosion of Steel in Pore Solution at Different Chloride Concentrations
|Published in:||Buildings, 26 May 2020, n. 6, v. 10|
The aim of this work is the evaluation of the inhibition effect of tartrate ions with respect to the localized corrosion of steel reinforcements in alkaline solution as a function of the concentration of chlorides ions. Weight loss tests and electrochemical tests were carried out in saturated Ca(OH)2 solution with NaOH at pH 12.7 and 13.2. The results only evidence a slight inhibition effect at pH 12.7, whereas at pH 13.2 the pitting onset is inhibited also for chloride concentration up to 3 M. Tartaric acid is a dicarboxylic acid with nucleophile substituents, which can act as a chelating agent both adsorbing on the surface of the passive film and forming a soluble complex with ferrous and ferric ions. Tartrate causes an increase in the passive current density but it prevents the depassivation of carbon steel due to the action of chlorides, thus preventing pitting initiation due to the competitive adsorption on metal surface.
|Copyright:||© 2020 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.|
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