Inelastic Repetitive Shear and Flexural Buckling of Plate Girders
|Published in:||International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, March 2004, n. 1, v. 4|
In the Great Hanshin–Awaji earthquake of 1995, the phenomena of repetitive inelastic buckling were observed in many steel girders including horizontal girders of portal steel piers on elevated highways. The authors have been interested in the ability of steel girders to dissipate the hysteretic plastic strain energy due to such repetitive buckling of steel girders for earthquake-resistance design. This paper is focused on the repetitive buckling behavior of eight steel plate girders under inelastic shear or the combined shear and bending due to a concentrated point load adopting two independent cyclic loading patterns. The model girders were selected considering the combined variations of flange thickness, flange width and depth-to-thickness ratio of the web. Good correlations were found between the results of tests and finite element analyses using shell elements considering the material and geometrical nonlinearities in the repetitive inelastic buckling behavior of plate girders.
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