Experimental Investigation on Drying and Wetting of GMZ Bentonite Using X-Ray Tomography and Volumetric Digital Image Correlation Technique
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, January 2020, v. 2020|
To investigate the shrinking and swelling properties of Gao-Miao-Zi (GMZ) bentonite, which has been considered as engineering barriers for high-level radioactive nuclear waste disposal in China, drying and wetting tests were carried out. The microstructure of the material at each hydric state was recorded using X-ray tomography (X-CT). The 3D images of the material were analyzed using digital volume correlation (DVC) technique, and the full-field strains at mesoscale (i.e., in the order of clay aggregate) during drying and wetting were quantified. The results show that the GMZ bentonite exhibits notable swelling characteristics during wetting and the swelling strain of the material is up to 8% at mesoscale. The full-field strain in 3D of the material is heterogeneous, anisotropic, and irreversible during drying and wetting. The corresponding deformation mechanisms are discussed. Two different swelling mechanisms were also identified: traction occurs in the interface between the matrix and inclusions during swelling; pre-existing fissure closes during swelling.
|Copyright:||© Liufeng Chen et al.|
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