The Effects of Various Slippage Loads on the Response Modification Factor of Steel Structures Equipped with Frictional Dampers
Hamid Rahmani Samani
|Published in:||International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, June 2015, n. 6, v. 15|
A common and successful way of structural control is to dissipate the seismic kinetic energy via frictional dampers. Response of a friction damped frame during an earthquake excitation is heavily dependent to the slippage limit of the frictional dampers. Low values of slippage load may lead to excessive deformations while large slippage loads may prevent sliding. Therefore, selecting appropriate values for slippages loads of the dampers is very important in order to have optimum energy dissipating system. Utilizing a response modification factor, the standard seismic design code procedure can be applied to the frames equipped with frictional dampers to determine the value of slippage loads. In this investigation, the response modification factor of steel moment resisting frames equipped with frictional dampers is evaluated considering the effects of various slippage loads. The response modification factor is calculated for two bay widths of 5 m and 7 m in length. It is shown that the optimum slippage load that results in the maximum response modification factor is in the range of 8% to 20% of the total weight of the structure. The taller the structure is, the less the optimum slippage load will be. Finally, an equation is proposed for the response modification factor as a function of the slippage load.
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