The Effect of Activators on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Alkali-Activated Nickel Slag
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, January 2020, v. 2020|
In order to mitigate problems associated with environmental pollution, alkali-activated nickel slags (AANSs) may be used as an alternative to cementitious material. However, the understanding of their mechanical properties and microstructure is currently very limited. This paper therefore explores the influence of different types and contents of three solid alkali activators, Na2SiO3, NaOH, and Na2SiO3/Na2CO3, on the compressive strength of one-part AANS. Their microstructure, hydration components, and pore structure are analyzed by means of a scanning electron microscope, an energy-dispersive spectrometer, an X-ray diffractometer, an infrared spectrometer, and a mercury analyzer. The results show that the AANS with an Na2SiO3/Na2CO3activator has a denser microstructure, lower porosity, and a smaller pore size when compared with the AANS with the Na2SiO3or NaOH activators. Consequently, the compressive strength of the Na2SiO3/Na2CO3sample reached a higher compressive strength (96 MPa) than that activated by Na2SiO3or NaOH. This strength is optimal as well as more economical as Na2O, which increased from 0.107 mol to 0.123 mol, contributes little to compressive strength. The final part of the article discusses an optimal design for the engineering application of one-part AANS.
|Copyright:||© 2020 Liwei Xu et al.|
This creative work has been published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) license which allows copying, and redistribution as well as adaptation of the original work provided appropriate credit is given to the original author and the conditions of the license are met.
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