Dynamic Characteristics of Fluid-Conveying Pipes with Piecewise Linear Support
|Published in:||International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, June 2016, n. 6, v. 16|
For the analysis of dynamic characteristics of fluid-conveying pipes with piecewise linear support, a fluid–structure coupling dynamic model based on the finite element method is proposed. A user-defined pipe element based on Euler–Bernoulli beam is developed for modeling the pipes, considering the dynamic flow conditions. A nonlinear spring element is utilized to model the clamp between the pipe and the base. The dynamic responses of the system are obtained through the direct time integration. The stiffness of the clamp support is investigated by the analytical method and the experimental method, in which it is found that the clamp stiffness is piecewise linear. For different pipe geometries the user-defined element model, analytical model and measurement data are compared. The results show high quality of the element developed in this paper. Finally, the dynamic characteristics of the pipe system with piecewise linear support subjected to base harmonic excitation are calculated and the effects of the system parameters on pipe behaviors have also been studied. As a consequence, the model proposed in this paper can represent the piecewise linear nonlinearity of the clamp support and be used conveniently to investigate the effects of the fluid–structure coupling on the system behaviors.
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