Contact-Point Response for Modal Identification of Bridges by a Moving Test Vehicle
Y. B. Yang
|Published in:||International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, May 2018, n. 5, v. 18|
The response of the contact point of the vehicle with the bridge, rather than the vehicle itself, is proposed for modal identification of bridges by a moving test vehicle. To begin, approximate closed-form solutions were derived for the vehicle and contact-point responses, and they were verified by finite element solutions. The contact-point acceleration is born to be free of the vehicle frequency, an annoying effect that may overshadow the bridge frequencies in case of rough surface. From the frequency response function (FRF) of the vehicle with respect to the contact point, it was shown that the contact-point response generally outperforms the vehicle response in extracting the bridge frequencies because it could identify more frequencies. In the numerical simulations, the contact-point response was compared with the vehicle response for various scenarios. It is concluded that in each case, say, for varying vehicle speeds or frequencies, for smooth or rough road surfaces, with or without existing traffic, the contact-point response outperforms the vehicle response in extracting either the frequencies or mode shapes of the bridge.
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