Assessing the interaction of air from a jet diffuser on a thermal plume in a room using two-dimensional particle image velocimetry
|Published in:||Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, October 2019, n. 6, v. 40|
Traditional design of airflow distributions in large spaces does not consider the interference of thermal plumes on jets. In order to quantitatively describe the indoor environment, it is first necessary to quantify how the airflow gets distributed. In this study, a two-dimensional particle image velocimetry (PIV) system for measuring a wide indoor flow field was established. A total of 24 sub-regions (each with a size of 400 mm × 350 mm) were accurately measured in an unmanned room, and the overall cross-sectional flow field was obtained by splicing. Uncertainty analysis proved the rationality of this experimental method. According to the damage extent of the jet structure introduced by the thermal plume, two groups were divided, i.e. Groups A and B. The distribution of velocity fields, trajectories and velocity attenuation of jet centerlines, and velocity magnitude profiles at nozzle and head levels were compared and analyzed in detail. Through this investigation, detailed information of indoor air flow in large spaces can be effectively characterized, which can be useful to help understand the indoor physics and validate CFD models.
Practical application: The key to creating a comfortable and healthy indoor thermal environment is the rational design of the airflow distribution. This paper proposes a method for quantitatively describing the airflow distribution in an enclosed space. The equation of the non-dimensional velocity attenuation of jet centerlines is obtained by using advanced technology (PIV), which provides theoretical basis and useful reference for the design of airflow distribution.
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