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Artificial Seismic Source Field Research on the Impact of the Number and Layout of Stations on the Microseismic Location Error of Mines


Medium: journal article
Language(s): English
Published in: Advances in Civil Engineering, , v. 2019
Page(s): 1-11
DOI: 10.1155/2019/1487486

A site experiment is performed herein within a 100 m range using a high-frequency structure activity monitor to explore the impact of different factors on the microseismic source location and analyze the range of influence of the velocity model, number of stations, and array surface on the seismic source location. Moreover, the impact of wave velocity, velocity-free location algorithm, and position of the seismic source on the microseismic location error of mines is discussed by establishing the ideal theoretical model of the wave velocity location and with particle swarm optimization. The impact of the number of stations and tables on the location precision is also explored by using the microseismic signals produced by the artificial seismic source. The results show that, for the location model containing the velocity, the velocity error would greatly affect the location precision, and the velocity-free algorithm receives good location results. The location result is more satisfactory when the seismic source point falls in between array envelope lines. The seismic source location precision is in direct proportion to the number of stations. According to the experiment, within a 100 m range, when the number of stations is over 12, the effect does not significantly grow with the increase of stations; the number of tables affects the location precision; and the multitable location effect is significantly superior to the single-table effect. The research shows that the optimal station density is 0.0192%, and the appropriate sensor layout to form a multitable monitoring network may effectively enhance the microseismic source precision of mines through the selection of a velocity-free location model. On the contrary, the number of stations can be reduced on the premise of the allowable error of the seismic source location, which may effectively reduce the monitoring cost.

Copyright: © 2019 Bao-xin Jia et al.

This creative work has been published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) license which allows copying, and redistribution as well as adaptation of the original work provided appropriate credit is given to the original author and the conditions of the license are met.

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