Accuracy Analysis of Design Methods for Concrete Beams Reinforced with Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars / Kompozitais Armuotu Betoniniu Elementu Projektavimo Metodu Tikslumo Analize
|Published in:||Engineering Structures and Technologies, February 2014, n. 3, v. 5|
Traditional steel reinforcement does not resist corrosion and its resources are limited; therefore, carbon, glass, aramid and basalt fibre reinforced polymer bars were developed. The composite reinforcement has a high tensile strength and resistance to electromagnetic fields. Different kinds of materials and application of various surface coatings are used in the production of the composite bars. This results in different adhesion to concrete and mechanical properties of composite bars. In comparison with steel reinforcement, glass, aramid and basalt fibre reinforced polymer bars have a lower modulus of elasticity. Thus, structural rigidity provided by these bars is smaller in respect to reinforced concrete elements. Current reinforced concrete design codes and recommendations are based on empirical and simplified methods of strain evaluation, which may be inadequate for design of structures with composite bars. In this paper, an adequacy of the empirical models was checked against the experimental data of concrete beams reinforced with composite bars. The moment-curvature data of 52 beams reported in the literature and conducted by the authors were used for assessment of accuracy of design methods. In order to perform the analysis, different methods from design codes (European (LST 2007), American (ACI Committee 318 2011) and Russian (NIIZhB 2006)) and recommendations (Italian (CNR 2007) and American (ACI Committee 440 2006)) have been selected. The results of the investigation will provide engineers with more information on design of concrete beams with fibre reinforced polymer bars. This will encourage an extensive use of these innovative materials in different types of structures.
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