The Swiss Giovanni Lombardi in the History of Civil Engineering of XXI Century
C. Zanini Barzaghi
|Conference:||IABSE Symposium: Synergy of Culture and Civil Engineering – History and Challenges, Wrocław, Poland, 7-9 October 2020|
|Published in:||Synergy of Culture and Civil Engineering – History and Challenges|
|Total no. of pages:||8|
The history of Civil Engineering in XXI century as well as the history of dams is still to be written. We could certainly begin with the eminent Swiss engineer Giovanni Lombardi (1926-2017), a genius in the field of structural engineering and tunnel construction. He built many “cathedrals of energy” around the world: dams or hydroelectric power stations, introducing innovative solutions in design and calculation. This progress was linked to economic and social pressures of the same period, including the energy (oil) crisis and the need to increase the dam’s reservoirs. His main structures are Muttsee dam (CH), Zeuzier dam (CH), Contra dam (CH), Zimapan dam (MX) and also railway and road tunnels (Gotthard, Gibraltar). This paper aims to outline the history of Giovanni Lombardi through his pioneering mind, his scientific contribution, and technical innovation in a Swiss and global context, highlighting how his engineering can be considered an art.
dams tunnels Switzerland Civil Engineering History Giovanni Lombardi Geo-engineering Culture And Art Of Engineering Polyvalent Engineer