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Sadd-el-Kafara Dam

General Information

Beginning of works: 2600 B.C.
Completion: 2500 B.C.
Status: collapsed

Project Type

Structure: Gravity dam
Function / usage: Flood-control dam
Material: Masonry dam

Location

Location:
Impounded:
  • Wadi Garawi
Coordinates: 29° 47' 43.00" N    31° 25' 55.00" E
Show coordinates on a map

Technical Information

Dimensions

height ca. 14 m
retained water volume > 500 000 m³
crest length ca. 110 m
crest thickness 56 m
base thickness 98 m

Materials

dam structure stone

Chronology

2600 B.C.
- 2500 B.C.

The dam was built during the 4th dynasty with a probable construction time of 10 to 12 years, but an unusually strong flood caused the erosion of the dam before it was completed. The flood wave destroyed much of the downstream valley. A reconstruction seems not to have taken place.

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Participants

Currently there is no information available about persons or companies having participated in this project.

Relevant Web Sites

Relevant Publications

  • About this
    data sheet
  • Structure-ID
    20010843
  • Date created
    03/12/2003
  • Last Update
    29/07/2014