Influence of Deck Material on Response of Cable-Stayed Bridges to Live Loads
Hany W. George
|Issue:||Journal of Bridge Engineering (ASCE)", May 1999, n. 2, v. 4|
During the last three decades, cable-stayed bridges have proven to be first-class structures providing vital transport links. Together with the construction process, erection procedure, and site conditions, the choice of material for the deck is a principal factor in the overall cost of construction. The effects of variable long-span bridge loads on the design of steel, composite, and concrete decks are investigated. Recent American and British long-span bridge loads have been used that are based on direct observations of modern traffic conditions. The three-dimensional finite-element models prepared for the study are based on the geometric and material properties of the Quincy Bayview cable-stayed bridge. Many cable arrangements are considered for the studied concrete, composite, and steel decks. A nonlinear analysis of the cable-stayed bridge models is carried out. The results of the different deck materials are compared. It is shown that the choice of material for the deck can be greatly affected by the distribution of stays and by the intensity of the live load adopted.