Arch Bridges IV - Advances in Assessment, Structural Design and Construction

Editor(s): P. Roca
C. Molins
Medium: conference proceedings
Language(s): en 
ISBN-10: 8495999633
Publisher: International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Published in: Barcelona, Spain
Conference: Arch 04, International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE), Barcelona, Spain
Year: 2004

Network arches have inclined hangers that cross each other at least twice. It seems to happen more often for railway bridges than for road bridges that structural elements above the bridge deck are acceptable, which justifies investigations of the applicability of network arches.
The tie can be a longitudinally prestressed concrete slab. This gives less noise, and the additional self-weight favours the structural behaviour. Alternatives with steel and composite bridge decks are discussed. For double track railway bridges spanning up to 100 metres the arches can be rolled H-sections. For larger spans welded box sections are applicable.
For the design of network arches the hanger arrangement is important. Small bending moments in the arches and small hanger forces are obtained when the upper hanger nodes are placed equidistantly and all hangers cross the arch with the same angle. The cross angle’s size depends on several parameters. Hints for a good choice are given. The maximum hanger forces vary little, thus all hangers have the same cross-section.
To ensure passenger comfort and the stability and continuity of the track, deformations of railway bridges are constricted. A network arch is a stiff structure with small deflections and therefore suitable to comply with such demands even for high speed railway traffic.
A network arch railway bridge with a concrete tie usually saves more than half the steel required for tied arches with vertical hangers and concrete ties.

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