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Towards Deployable, Autonomous, Vibration Control Systems for Lightweight Footbridges

 Towards Deployable, Autonomous, Vibration Control Systems for Lightweight Footbridges

Médium: papier de conférence
Langue(s): anglais
Conférence: Footbridge 2017 Berlin - Tell A Story, 6-8.9.2017, Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)
Publié dans:
Année: 2017
DOI: 10.24904/footbridge2017.09737

Structural control devices enable realizing innovative designs for lightweight footbridges by suppressing excessive vibrations that arise from the reduced self-weight. Currently, most control devices are permanent installations, tuned to a particular structural property and hence specific to a particular implementation. This paper presents the concept of a deployable, autonomous control system (DACS) targeting specific applications where immediate, short-term vibration mitigation is desired. The proposed DACS consists of an electromagnetic mass damper (EMD) mounted on an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) equipped with vision sensors. The overall controller consists of a linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) feedback controller in series with an identified model to compensate for UGV dynamics and a position-feedback controller for the EMD. The DACS does not rely on a rigid connection to the structure, thus enabling rapid deployment for temporary applications. Autonomous positioning of the device at desired locations on the structure is achieved through a simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) solution. The performance of the SLAM solution is assessed using a full-scale aluminum footbridge while the overall control performance of the proposed system is evaluated through real-time hybrid simulation (RTHS) consisting of coupled experimental and numerical substructures. The experimental results confirm the ability of the proposed system to effectively control large amplitude motion in slender footbridges and reposition itself for controlling different modes.


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