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Utilization of volcanic ejecta as a high-performance supplementary cementitious material by gravity classification and pulverization

Auteur(s):



Médium: article de revue
Langue(s): en 
Publié dans: RILEM Technical Letters, , v. 3
Page(s): 66-74
DOI: 10.21809/rilemtechlett.2018.66
Abstrait:

The reaction of natural pozzolans is caused by volcanic glass composed of amorphous silicate; however, volcanic ejecta also contains crystal mineral, pumice, and sometimes weathered clay fraction in their natural conditions. By focusing on the differences of physical properties between these components, high-purity volcanic glass powder (VGP) was manufactured by dry gravity classification and pulverization. This paper reports the results of investigations to utilize pyroclastic flow deposits as a supplementary cementitious material (SCM).

Through this method, the glass content of VGP increased to 88% with a mean particle size of 1 μm, when that of the raw material is about 60%. Chemical analysis indicated that VGP is principally composed of silica (about 72%) and alumina (about 13%).

The performance of VGP as a SCM was evaluated by conducting tests on concrete mixtures, replacing 0% to 30% by weight of portland cement by VGP with a 20% to 60% water to cement ratio. VGP concrete showed better results of 7-and 28-day compressive strength compared to control concrete in all experiments. In particular, VGP demonstrated better flowability and strength development in concrete with a low water-binder ratio in comparison to silica fume.

License:

Cette oeuvre a été publiée sous la license Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0). Il est autorisé de partager et adapter l'oeuvre tant que l'auteur est crédité et la license est indiquée (avec le lien ci-dessus). Vous devez aussi indiquer si des changements on été fait vis-à-vis de l'original.

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  • Reference-ID
    10412175
  • Publié(e) le:
    08.02.2020
  • Modifié(e) le:
    08.02.2020