Utilization of Circulating Fluidized Bed Fly Ash as Pozzolanic Material
|Médium:||article de revue|
|Publié dans:||The Open Civil Engineering Journal, décembre 2017, n. 1, v. 11|
A circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler generates energy by burning petroleum coke. Because burnt petroleum coke has a high sulfur content, limestone is added to the boiler to reduce the emittance of sulfur dioxide through desulfuration. The residue collected from the boiler is called CFB ash. CFB boilers in Taiwan can produce 328,000 tonnes of CFB fly ash per year. In this study, the pozzolanic characteristics of CFB fly ash were investigated by blending CFB fly ash and ordinary Portland cement (OPC). The CFB fly ash was mainly composed of CaO, SO3, and SiO₂ in concentrations of 37.8%, 9.2%, and 2.2%, respectively. The crystals of CFB fly ash contained 3CaO.SiO₂, 2CaO.SiO₂, Ca(OH)2, C-S-H (Tobermolite), and Ettringite. The results revealed that applying the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure to CFB fly ash renders it suitable for use in blended cement. At later curing ages (90 days), the pore volumes of both the OPC and the CFB-fly-ash-blended cement pastes (CFBFABCP) decreased as the curing time increased. A possible explanation is that C3S and C2S were consumed to form C-S-H gel, resulting in an increase in the Q1and Q² groups identified by29Si Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Furthermore, the peak of the Q0group decreased, but those of the Q1and Q² peaks increased with an increasing curing time. The pozzolanic activity of the CFBFABCP containing 10% CFB fly ash indicates that it is a suitable substitute for OPC in blended cement.
|Copyright:||© 2017 Kae- Long Lin et al.|
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