Large-Scale Shaking Table Test of Seismic Response Laws for a Shallow Double-Arch Tunnel under Unsymmetrical Pressure with a Damping Layer
|Médium:||article de revue|
|Publié dans:||Advances in Civil Engineering, janvier 2020, v. 2020|
Based on the similarity theory, a large-scale shaking table test of a shallow double-arch tunnel under unsymmetrical pressure with a similarity ratio of 1 : 20 was designed and completed, and a foam concrete damping layer was set in the double-arch tunnel. The acceleration response, strain response, and crack distribution of double-arch tunnels under different intensities and different directions of the Wenchuan wave excitation were studied (WC-X, WC-Z, and WC-XZ). The results showed that (1) the bias side (right hole) is greatly affected by the unevenness of the cover soil, and the horizontal acceleration response difference between the two tunnels is large and there is no symmetry. The incident direction of seismic waves has a great influence on the acceleration response of double-arch tunnels. The amplification factor of WC-Z is greater than that of WC-X. (2) On the same horizontal plane, with the vertical centerline of the middle wall as the axis of symmetry, the vertical acceleration amplification factor also has a large difference between the arch foot and the shoulder, but the difference is relatively small at other points. (3) The dynamic strain increases with the increase of seismic intensity, and the tendency is similar under the three different seismic wave excitation directions. The lining is under tensile strain and compressive strain, the strain of the left hole is greater than the strain of the right hole, and severe stress concentration occurs at the top left of the mid partition. (4) The middle partition, shoulder, and vault of the left hole and the shoulder, vault, and foot of the right hole are weak parts of earthquake resistance. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the seismic design.
|Copyright:||© Hui Yang et al.|
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