Landslide Failure Mechanisms of Dispersive Soil Slopes in Seasonally Frozen Regions
|Médium:||article de revue|
|Publié dans:||Advances in Civil Engineering, janvier 2020, v. 2020|
Hydraulic projects with dispersive soil in seasonally frozen regions are susceptible to landslide failures. The mechanism of such landslide failures has not been fully understood thus far; therefore, it was investigated in this study by using on-site surveys, laboratory tests, and theoretical calculations. The results showed that the landslides of dispersive soil in seasonally frozen regions could be categorized as shallow-seated landslides and deep-seated landslides. The preconditions for landslide occurrence were soil mass looseness and cracks, caused by freeze-thawing. The degradation of dispersive soil led to a rapid influx of water into the soil. The reason for shallow-seated landslides was that the numerous sodium ions present in the soil mass dissolved in water and damaged the soil structure, resulting in a substantial reduction in shear strength. The reason for deep-seated landslides, however, was the erosion due to rainfall infiltration after the shallow-seated landslides caused tensile cracks at the top of the slope, leading to soil instability. Landslide failures occurred when the dispersing soil slope underwent freeze-thawing and saturated soaking. The sliding surface was initiated at the top of the slope and gradually progressed to the bottom along the interface between the soil layers.
|Copyright:||© Lixiang Wang et al. et al.|
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