Laboratory Study of Flocculation and Pressure Filtration Dewatering of Waste Slurry
|Médium:||article de revue|
|Publié dans:||Advances in Civil Engineering, janvier 2020, v. 2020|
In the process of large-scale urban construction, large amounts of waste slurry are produced. The slurry has a high water content and is difficult to precipitate naturally, resulting in low treatment efficiency. To improve the treatment efficiency of slurry, a variety of inorganic and organic polymer flocculants were used to carry out flocculation settlement tests on the slurry. The changes in the slurry properties and the filtration dewatering effect after flocculation were tested. The results show that the addition of flocculant makes the slurry particles form aggregates, which leads to rapid precipitation of the slurry. The use of an inorganic flocculant significantly reduced the zeta potential of the slurry. Organic polymer flocculant, however, had little effect on the slurry potential, but did cause the slurry to produce larger size aggregates, resulting in a better flocculation effect than inorganic flocculant. Inorganic flocculants and organic flocculants can improve the pressure filtration dewatering performance of slurry. CPAM12 (cationic polyacrylamide, with a relative molecular weight of 12 million Daltons) had the best overall effect. The formation of aggregates after flocculation and the change in the nonuniformity coefficient (Cu) were the main cause of improvement of pressure filtration dewatering performance of the slurry. When Cu decreases from 11.85 to 8.75, the time required for pressure filtration stabilization is shortened by 70%. The nonuniformity coefficient of flocculated slurry can be used to evaluate flocculants, determine the optimal dosage, and predict the dewatering effect.
|Copyright:||© Fanlu Min et al.|
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