Investigations on the Pozzolanic Effect of Sugar Cane Bagasse Ashes Used in Cementitious Composites
Paula G. Lamezon de Pádua
Túlio H. Panzera
Roberto B. Figueiredo
A. M. Gomes
Maria T. Paulino Aguilar
|Médium:||article de revue|
|Publié dans:||The Open Construction and Building Technology Journal, décembre 2016, n. 1, v. 10|
Brazil is a major producer of alcohol from sugar cane, a fuel with low environmental impact. The production of alcohol generates a large amount of bagasse, the biggest waste of Brazilian agriculture. This bagasse is usually burned for energy production providing nearly 3% of residual ashes. The potential use of these ashes like mineral admixture of cementitious composites depends on calcination conditions. The present work identifies the physical and chemical characteristics of ashes from the furnace exhauster, obtained in an industry located at southeast region of Brazil. The ashes were obtained from bagasse of sugar cane harvest in two different seasons. Chemical composition analysis, X-ray diffraction, grain size distribution, loss on ignition, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), specific surface measurements (BET) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) tests were used to characterize the ashes. The pozzolanic activity was estimated by pozzolanic activity index tests with cement and lime, by the modified Chapelle test, electrical conductivity in lime solution tests, TGA and FTIR. The ashes presented different chemical compositions and degree of amorphicity. The ashes with a higher content of silica, the lower organic material content and high degree of crystallinity (1st harvest), for the same size, have higher pozzolanic on electrical conductivity in lime solution tests than the ashes with lower silica content and higher amorphicity (2nd harvest). However, the results of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and modified Chapelle method would indicate the pozzolanicity of the ashes of the 2nd harvest. The results of pozzolanic activity index (with cement or lime) indicated the ashes were not pozzolanic.
|Copyright:||© 2016 Paula G. Lamezon de Pádua, Túlio H. Panzera, Roberto B. Figueiredo, A. M. Gomes, Maria T. Paulino Aguilar|
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