Evaluation of 3D Nonlinear Earthquake Behaviour of the Ilısu CFR Dam under Far-Fault Ground Motions
|Médium:||article de revue|
|Publié dans:||Advances in Civil Engineering, 2019, v. 2019|
In the recent times, many huge concrete face rockfill dams (CFRDs) have been modelled and constructed in the world, and many of these dams are located on the strong earthquake zones. Examination of the seismic behaviour of a CFR dam built on the seismic zone is very important to assess the safety and future of the dam. For this reason, the nonlinear earthquake behaviour of these dams should be constantly observed taking into account the seismicity of the zone. In this study, three-dimensional (3D) seismic behaviour of the Ilısu dam built on the East Anatolian Fault (EAF) line is examined considering the effect of the important various far-fault earthquakes. The 3D finite difference model of the Ilısu dam is created using the FLAC3D software based on the finite difference method. The dam body, foundation, and concrete slab constantly interact during the lifetime of the CFRDs. Therefore, the special interface elements are defined between the dam body, concrete slab, and foundation to represent the interaction condition. The Mohr–Coulomb nonlinear material model is used for the rockfill materials and foundation. Moreover, the concrete slab is modelled considering the Drucker–Prager nonlinear material model to represent the nonlinearity of the concrete. Very special seismic boundary conditions rarely used for CFR dams in the past are used in this work. These boundary conditions are free-field and quiet boundary conditions. The free-field boundary condition that is a very important boundary condition for the nonlinear seismic analyses is considered for the lateral boundaries of the 3D model. In addition, the quiet artificial boundary condition is used for the bottom of the foundation. While defining these boundary conditions, the special fish functions are created and defined to the software. Moreover, the hysteric damping coefficients are separately calculated for all of the materials. These special damping values are defined to the FLAC3D software using the special fish functions to capture the effects of the variation of the modulus and damping ratio with the dynamic shear-strain magnitude. In the numerical analyses, a total of 7 various strong far-fault earthquakes are used for the 3D nonlinear earthquake analyses, and 7 different numerical analyses are performed for the full-reservoir condition of the Ilısu CFR dam. According to the seismic results, the principal stresses for the three critical nodal points on the dam body surface are examined and evaluated in detail. It is clearly understood that the nonlinear seismic behaviour of the Ilısu dam changes depending on the magnitudes and periods of the far-fault earthquakes. Each far-fault earthquake has different seismic effects on the nonlinear principal stress behaviour of the Ilısu CFR dam.
|Copyright:||© 2019 Memduh Karalar et al.|
Cette oeuvre a été publiée sous la license Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0). Il est autorisé de partager et adapter l'oeuvre tant que l'auteur est crédité et la license est indiquée (avec le lien ci-dessus). Vous devez aussi indiquer si des changements on été fait vis-à-vis de l'original.
sur cette fiche
- Publié(e) le:
- Modifié(e) le: