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Comparing the reactivity of different natural clays under thermal and alkali activation

Auteur(s):



Médium: article de revue
Langue(s): en 
Publié dans: RILEM Technical Letters, , v. 4
Page(s): 74-80
DOI: 10.21809/rilemtechlett.2019.85
Abstrait:

Metakaolin is one of the most popular solid aluminosilicate precursors for the synthesis of geopolymers. Despite its high reactivity and availability, there is a noticeable move towards the use of other natural clays as alternative precursors, due to their plentiful supply and widespread availability. Natural clays usually consist of a combination of 1:1 and 2:1 layer silicates reactivity of which vary. In this work, four different natural clays (SS, BS, MS and WS) composed of 1:1 and 2:1 clay minerals at different proportions were studied for the synthesis of geopolymers. To increase their reactivity prior to alkali activation, the clays were calcined in a laboratory oven at different temperatures (700, 750, 800, 850, 900 °C) and different holding times (10 seconds to 60 minutes). The reactivity of the calcined clays was assessed by the dissolution test and isothermal conduction calorimetry. NaOH and a mix of NaOH and Na2SiO3 were used as alkaline activators. The results show that the optimum calcination temperature of SS, BS and MS is 800 °C with a holding time of 10 minutes. WS is sufficiently calcined at a higher temperature of 900 °C for 20 minutes. Kaolinite-rich clays (SS) present more reactivity towards alkali activation than clays dominated by smectite or illite.  

License:

Cette oeuvre a été publiée sous la license Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0). Il est autorisé de partager et adapter l'oeuvre tant que l'auteur est crédité et la license est indiquée (avec le lien ci-dessus). Vous devez aussi indiquer si des changements on été fait vis-à-vis de l'original.

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  • Reference-ID
    10412154
  • Publié(e) le:
    08.02.2020
  • Modifié(e) le:
    08.02.2020