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Médium: article de revue
Langue(s): en 
Publié dans: Journal of Architectural Engineering (ASCE), , n. 3, v. 10
Page(s): 88-97
DOI: 10.1061/(asce)1076-0431(2004)10:3(88)

This paper investigates the collapse of masonry buttresses under concentrated lateral loads. A fracture forms at the collapse state, significantly decreasing the resistance to overturning. Conventional analysis assumes that a masonry buttress acts monolithically to resist lateral loads. The current paper demonstrates that this approach is clearly unsafe, and the possibility of a fracture at the collapse state must be considered in the design and assessment of masonry buttresses. By treating the masonry as a continuum, infinitely strong in compression, with no resistance to tension and no possibility for sliding, the writers demonstrate the form of the fracture and determine the critical failure load for typical buttress forms. This approach follows in the tradition of limit analysis of masonry structures as developed by Heyman. General methods are proposed for the overturning analysis of masonry buttresses, and calculation examples are provided. Finally, methods for evaluating the safety of existing buttresses are presented and discussed.

Structurae ne peut pas vous offrir cette publication en texte intégral pour l'instant. Le texte intégral est accessible chez l'éditeur. DOI: 10.1061/(asce)1076-0431(2004)10:3(88).
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