Determination of Parameters of the Discrete Element Bond Model for Asphalt Mixture Based on Splitting Test
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, 2019, v. 2019|
A discrete element method (DEM) has widely been used to simulate asphalt mixture characteristics, and DEM models can consider the effect of aggregate gradation and interaction between particles. However, proper selection of model parameters is crucial to obtain convincing results from DEM-based simulations. This paper presents a method to appropriately determine the mechanical parameters to be used in DEM-based simulation of asphalt concrete mixture. Splitting test specimens are prepared by using asphalt mixture, and the splitting test results are compared with simulation results from two-dimensional (2D) DEM and three-dimensional (3D) DEM. Basing on the DEM results, the effects of contact model parameters on the simulation results are analyzed. The slope of the load-displacement curve at the beginning stage is mainly affected by the stiffness parameters, and the peak load is mainly determined by using the value of the bond strength. The laboratory splitting test of AC-20 and AC-13 specimens were performed at different temperatures, namely, −10°C, 0°C, 10°C, and 20°C, and the load-displacement relationships were plotted. According to the real load-displacement curve's slope at the beginning stage and peak load applied, the range of DEM bond model parameters is determined. On the basis of DEM results of the splitting test, the relationships between simulation load-displacement curve's characteristics and bond model parameters are fitted. The values of the parameters of the DEM contact bond model at different temperatures are obtained depending on the actual load-displacement curve's initial slope and peak load. Lastly the DEM and laboratory test results are compared, which illustrates that the parallel bond model can well simulate the behavior of asphalt mixture.
|Copyright:||© 2019 Jingsong Shan et al.|
This creative work has been published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) license which allows copying, and redistribution as well as adaptation of the original work provided appropriate credit is given to the original author and the conditions of the license are met.
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