Assessing the Uncertainty Associated with Flood Features due to Variability of Rainfall and Hydrological Parameters
Mohammad Reza Khazaei
Mohamed Salem Nashwan
Zaher Mundher Yaseen
|Published in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, January 2020, v. 2020|
An assessment of uncertainty in flood hydrograph features, e.g., peak discharge and flood volume due to variability in the rainfall-runoff model (HEC-HMS) parameters and rainfall characteristics, e.g., depth and duration, is conducted. Flood hydrographs are generated using a rain pattern generator (RPG) and HEC-HMS models through Monte Carlo simulation considering uncertainty in stochastic variables. The uncertainties in HEC-HMS parameters (e.g., loss, base flow, and unit hydrograph) are estimated using their probability distribution functions. The flood events are obtained by simulating runoff for rainfall events using the generated model parameters. The uncertainties due to rainfall and model parameters on generated flood hydrographs are evaluated using the relative coefficient of variation (RCV). The results reveal a higher RCV index for flood volume (RCV = 153) than peak discharge (RCV = 116) for a 12-hr rainfall duration. The average relative RCV (ARRCV) index computed for hydrological component (e.g., base flow, loss, or unit hydrograph) indicates the highest impact of rainfall depth on flood volume and peak. The results indicate that rainfall depth is the main source of uncertainty of flood peak and volume.
|Copyright:||© Ahmad Sharafati et al.|
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