Lessons from incidents attributable to the uncertainties in bridge launching illustrated by a case study
Juan Luis Bellod
|Veröffentlicht in:||Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems, 2013, n. 2, v. 30|
Like other competitive bridge erection techniques, incremental launching is a highly vulnerable process that entails considerable risks to persons. In steel and composite bridges, in particular, patch loading and other mechanisms that induce instability must be avoided. Considerable uncertainties are associated with both resistances and support reactions during launch operations due to the broad range of factors involved. Nonlinear finite element (FE) analysis is very useful for the explicit verification of both local and overall system stability during steel structure launching. Monitoring, in turn, may be a very powerful tool for reducing the risks associated with such operations. Further research is needed both to establish safety levels for temporary structures and on-site activities and to develop a suitable design format for nonlinear FE analysis. However, in everyday practice, engineers and builders must deal with much more basic problems, often related to the interaction between the structure under construction and the ancillary resources used, as exemplified in the case study described in this contribution. The lessons learnt from such incidents are extremely useful for improving the strategies presently in place to reduce construction-related risks.
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