Optimization of the Mixture Design of Low-CO2 High-Strength Concrete Containing Silica Fume
|Veröffentlicht in:||Advances in Civil Engineering, 2019, v. 2019|
As abundant CO₂ is released by high-strength concrete due to its high binder content, the reduction of CO₂ emissions has become increasingly important. This study proposed a general procedure to optimize the mixture design of low-CO₂ high-strength concrete containing silica fume. First, the equations for evaluating strength and slump were regressed based on available experimental results. CO₂ emissions were calculated based on the concrete mixtures and the unit CO₂ emissions of the concrete components. By using the genetic algorithm, the concrete mixtures with the lowest CO₂ emissions were determined by considering various constraints. Second, the cost of concrete was calculated based on the concrete mixtures and the unit cost of the concrete components. Similarly, the concrete mixtures with the lowest cost were determined based on the genetic algorithm. We found that, in some cases, the mixtures with the lowest CO₂ emissions were different from those with the lowest cost. Third, through adding the constraint equation of cost, Pareto optimal mixtures with relatively lower CO₂ emissions and lower cost were determined. In summary, the proposed technique is valuable for designing high-strength concrete considering both CO₂ emissions and cost.
|Copyright:||© 2019 Seung-Jun Kwon et al.|
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