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Tczew Bridge

General Information

Beginning of works: 27 July 1851
Completion: 12 October 1857
Status: in use

Project Type

Location

Location: , ,
Crosses:
  • Vistula River
Next to: Tczew Bridge (1959)
Tczew Bridge (1891)
Coordinates: 54° 5' 33.46" N    18° 48' 21.28" E

Technical Information

Dimensions

total length 837.30 m
span lengths 6 × 130.88 m

Materials

piers sandstone
granite
foundations concrete
truss puddled iron

Chronology

1847

Work begun at the site on a chain suspension bridge is stopped after Carl Lentze sees the design for the Britannia Bridge.

1850

Construction begins anew based on Carl Lentze's final design using a lattice truss inspired by Britannia Bridge.

1850
- 1851

One abutment and one pier base are completed.

27 July 1851

The Prussian King lays the first cornerstone in a ceremony on the Tczew side of the bridge.

1852

All piers and both abutments are completed.

1853

Substructure completed.

1855

The two middle spans are completed.

8 October 1855

Rudolph Schinz dies of a stroke while construction continues.

1856

Four spans are completed.

12 October 1857

The bridge is opened for traffic with all six spans completed. Not all of the decorative towers on the piers are completed and only one decorative portal – at the Tczew abutment.

1858

The towers and other details and decorations are completed.

1891

The railroad track is removed and the bridge henceforth only used as vehicular and pedestrian bridge.

1912

Three truss spans are added to the bridge (and the parallel one) to increase the lengths by 3 x 81.60 m = 244.80 m.

1929

After taking over the bridge in 1920, the Polish government has the decorative carvings removed.

Notes

The Tczew Bridge is particular for a number of reasons. The key one is definitely the history: it is the oldest existing bridge on Vistula, opened in 1857. Refurbished and prolonged a number of times, it was destroyed during WWII. Re-opened in 1959, it hardly resembles the original construction, so one may debate whether this is still the 1857 bridge. The original look of the city could be gathered when looking at one of the spans, with towers on the pillars. The rest looks very heterogeneous, rather like a few brides put one next to another. The third longest bridge (1 073 m) stands on huge flood fields on the right bank rather than on the river itself. Its width changes: it is usually 9 m, though on two westernmost spans is reduced to just 5 m and here cars leaving Tczew should give way to those entering the city.

Participants

Design
Architecture
Structural engineering

Relevant Web Sites

Relevant Publications

More publications...
  • About this
    data sheet
  • Structure-ID
    20007005
  • Date created
    01/12/2002
  • Last Update
    15/04/2016